Diabetes type 2? Causes, Risk Factors, Symptoms, and Prevention
Symptoms of diabetes type 2 in adults; the population aging, physical inactivity, and obesity have multiplied the number of diabetics. Controlling the risk factors associated with diabetes improves the life expectancy of those affected.
What is Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that affects how the body metabolizes glucose, the body’s primary source of energy. A person with diabetes type 2 may have a resistance to insulin – a hormone that regulates the entry of sugar into cells – So that a normal glucose level can be maintained, sufficient insulin is needed.
What Causes Type 2 Diabetes
As opposed to people with type 1 diabetes, people with diabetes type 2 produce insulin. However, the body can generate insulin resistance – that is, it does not respond as it should to the action of insulin and does not use it properly.
It can also happen that the diabetes type 2 patient does not manufacture as much as necessary insulin to meet the demands of his or her body. In this process, insufficient insulin cannot carry all the sugar into the cells and it eventually accumulates in the blood.
Type 2 Diabetes Risk Factors
Anyone can have type 2 diabetes. But there are some conditions that increase the risk:
Age over 40 years
Obesity and overweight
Previous Gestational Diabetes
Family history of type 2 diabetes
High alcohol consumption.
Low HDL Cholesterol Levels
Symptoms of diabetes type 2 in adults
Typically, people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms at first and may have the asymptomatic disease for many years. The first symptoms of diabetes type 2 in adults can be:
Frequent infections. Some examples are kidneys, bladder, skin and skin infections
Wounds take more time to heal
Visual impairment or blurred vision
In the presence of these symptoms of diabetes type 2 in adults, mainly associated with risk factors, it is important to visit a doctor and do an investigation for type 2 diabetes.
Ways to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes
Patients with a family history of type 2 diabetes or risk factors should be: