5 Facts About Malaria
Facts About Malaria! Malaria is caused by a parasite known as ‘Plasmodium’ that is transmitted through the bite of infected mosquitoes. Most cases and deaths from malaria are focused in Africa.
Symptoms of malaria
They include fever, headaches, and vomit, which typically appear ten to fifteen days once the insect bite. If not treated quickly, malaria will endanger the patient’s life in a very short time, since it alters the supply of blood to important organs.
The cause of malaria
It is caused by parasites of the genus Plasmodium, which is transmitted to individuals by the bite of an infected vector, the Anopheles mosquito. Of the 5 species of parasite that cause malaria in humans, the most deadly is Plasmodium falciparum.
5 Alarming Facts About Malaria
High risk for kids under 5 years old
More than two-thirds (75%) of all malaria deaths occur during this age group. By 2015, some 300,000 African kids died before the age of 5.
Pregnant ladies are at explicit risk
This disease can even result in miscarriages, premature births, prenatal death and severe maternal anemia, and is responsible for regarding one-third of preventable cases of underweight in the newborn.
Mortality rates are declining
Thanks to raised malaria management and prevention measures, the sickness burden is declining sharply. Since 2010, malaria mortality rates have declined by over 31% worldwide.
Half of the world’s population is exposed
In 2015, there have been an estimated 212 million cases, with some 435 000 deaths. Young kids, pregnant ladies and non-immune travelers from malaria-free areas are significantly at risk of sickness in the event of infection.
Diagnosis and immediate treatment will prevent deaths
They additionally prevent death and also contribute to reducing transmission. Access to diagnostic testing and treatment isn’t only a part of malaria management but additionally a basic right of all populations at risk.