Signs and Symptoms of Menopause
What is menopause?
Menopause refers to that moment in each woman’s life when her period’s stop and her ovaries lose their reproductive function. It is defined as the time when a woman has not had any menstrual period for 12 consecutive months.
It is a normal and natural body change that almost always occurs between 45 and 55 years of age. After menopause, a woman can no longer get pregnant.
Menopause is influenced by hormones – or to be more correctly, by a change in the hormonal levels.
During a woman’s fertile years, the ability to make an egg every month is related to the release of 3 hormones: estradiol, estrone, and oestriol; which are collectively termed as estrogen.
As women age, the number of ovules in the ovary decreases and their ability to conceive decreases.
At this time, less estrogen is produced, causing the body to behave differently.
Even though it is the time of the woman’s last period, symptoms may begin many years before.
In other cases, some women may experience symptoms until months or years later.
Common Symptoms of Menopause
Symptoms can vary from woman to woman. Many women have no symptoms at all.
-Hot flashes usually on the neck, face, and chest.
-A reduced libido
-The periods last more than 10 days
-Memory problems and concentration
-Vaginal dryness and pain
-Discomfort when having sex
-Low mood or maybe anxiety
-Recurrent urinary infections
-Reduction of muscle mass
Complications of Menopause
After menopause, the risk of certain medical conditions increases.
When your estrogen levels decrease, your risk of cardiovascular disease increases.
This condition causes the bones to become brittle and weak, leading to an increased risk of fractures.
Many women gain weight during the transition to menopause and after menopause because the metabolism slows down.
Vaginal dryness caused by decreased moisture production and loss of elasticity can cause discomfort and mild bleeding during sexual intercourse.
Also, decreased sensitivity may reduce your desire for sexual activity (libido).
Treatment of Menopause
Most women do not seek medical advice during menopause, and many women do not require treatment.
However, if the symptoms are significantly affecting the daily life of the woman, you should consult a doctor.